Network Pharmacology and Inflammatory Microenvironment Strategy Approach to Finding the Potential Target of Siraitia grosvenorii (Luo Han Guo) for Glioblastoma

Juan Li  1 De Bi  2 Xin Zhang  1 Yunpeng Cao  3 Kun Lv  1   4 Lan Jiang  1   4


Free PMC article


Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary intracranial tumor of the central nervous system, and the prognosis of GBM remains a challenge using the standard methods of treatment-TMZ, radiation, and surgical resection. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a helpful complementary and alternative medicine. However, there are relatively few studies on TCM for GBM. Purpose: We aimed to find the connection between TCM and anti-GBM. Study design: Network pharmacology and inflammatory microenvironment strategy were used to predict Siraitia grosvenorii (Luo Han Guo) target for treating glioblastoma. Methods: We mainly used network pharmacology and bioinformatics. Results: CCL5 was significantly highly expressed in GBM with poor prognostics. Uni-cox and randomForest were used to determine that CCL5 was especially a biomarker in GBM. CCL5 was also the target for SG and TMZ. The active ingredient of Luo Han Guo – squalene and CCL5 -showed high binding efficiency. CCL5, a chemotactic ligand, was enriched and positively correlated in eosinophils. CCL5 was also the target of Luo Han Guo, and its effective active integrate compound — squalene – might act on CCL5. Conclusion: SG might be a new complementary therapy of the same medicine and food, working on the target CCL5 and playing an anti-GBM effect. CCL5 might affect the immune microenvironment of GBM.

Keywords: CCL5; Siraitia grosvenorii; glioblastoma; in silico; network pharmacology.