Drug oleandrin may be an effective new way to treat HTLV-1 virus, SMU study showsAn estimated 10 to 15 million people are infected with HTLV-1, which is a cousin of HIVDALLAS (SMU) – A study led by SMU suggests that oleandrin – a drug derived from the Nerium oleander plant – could prevent the HTLV-1 virus from spreading by targeting a stage of the reproduction process that is not currently targeted by existing drugs.That is significant because there is currently no cure or treatment for the virus – a lesser-known “cousin” of HIV that affects an estimated 10 to 15 million people worldwide.Human T- cell leukemia virus , type 1 (HTLV-1) is a retroviral infection that affects the T cells (a type of white blood cell ). … HTLV-1 is spread by blood transfusions, sexual contact and sharing needles. It can also be spread from mother to child during birth or breast-feedinWhat are the signs and symptoms of HTLV? Initial symptoms are subtle and include gait problems, unexplained falls, low back pain, constipation, urinary urgency/incontinence and numbness or pain in the lower limbs. Over the years, progressive leg weakness ensues followed by the exacerbation of the urinary and sensory symptoms.

WHO definition:

  • The human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 is also known by the acronym HTLV-1, or as human T-cell leukaemia virus type 1.
  • The virus can cause a type of cancer called adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (ATL).
  • HTLV-1 is transmitted primarily through infected bodily fluids including blood, breast milk and semen.